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GMAT网络课堂语法笔记白勇主讲[5]

2012-07-09 16:50

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  1. Temporary-employment agencies benefit not only from the increasing demand for clerical workers but also the higher profits made when highly paid professionals are placed, requests for whom have increased in the recent wave of corporate takeovers.

  (A) the higher profits made when highly paid professionals are placed, requests for whom

  (B) the higher profits that are made in the placement of highly paid professionals, requests for whom

  (C) from the requests for highly paid professionals, who make higher profits for the agencies when placed and whose requests

  (D) from highly paid professionals, whose placement makes higher profits for the agencies and whose requests

  (E) from the higher profits made in placing highly paid professionals, requests for whom

  2. In December of 1987 an automobile manufacturer pleaded no contest to criminal charges of

  odometer tampering and agreed to pay more than $16 million in civil damages for cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected.

  (A) cars that were test-driven with their odometers disconnected

  (B) cars that it had test-driven with their disconnected odometers

  (C) its cars having been test-driven with disconnected odometers

  (D) having test-driven cars with their odometers disconnected

  (E) having cars that were test-driven with disconnected odometers

  3. The bank acknowledged that they are and will continue to experience difficulties as it attempts to deal with the precipitous fall of the dollar against the yen and the dislocations reflected in the stock market decline.

  (A) they are and will continue to experience difficulties as it attempts

  (B) they are and will continue to experience difficulties as they attempt

  (C) it is and will continue to experience difficulties as it attempts

  (D) it is experiencing and will continue to experience difficulties as they make an attempt

  (E) its difficulties are likely to continue as it attempts

  4 In terms of physics, the characteristic feature of the roller coaster is that the cars‘ potential energy, gained through their being lifted by a chain drive through the Earth‘s gravity to the top of the first drop, has been converted to kinetic energy by the time the ride ends.

  (A) cars‘ potential energy, gained through their being lifted by a chain drive

  (B) cars‘ potential energy, a gain achieved as they are lifted by a chain drive

  (C) potential energy from the cars‘ being lifted by a chain drive

  (D) potential energy of the cars, gained as a chain drive lifts them

  (E) potential energy gained by the cars, being achieved while a chain drive lifts them

  5. According to some analysts, whatever its merits, the proposal to tax away all capital gains on

  short-term investments would, if enacted, have a disastrous effect on Wall Street trading and employment.

  (A) its merits, the proposal to tax

  (B) its merits may be, the proposal of taxing

  (C) its merits as a proposal, taxing

  (D) the proposal‘s merits, to tax

  (E) the proposal‘s merits are, taxing

  6 The key to control over the Eurasian steppes lay in the nomad‘s ability to use the horse both as a means of transport but also as an effective military tool.

  (A) but also as

  (B) or as

  (C) and as

  (D) or

  (E) and also

  7 Judge Lois Forer‘s study asks why do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among rich and poor.

  (A) do some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the

  courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among

  (B) some litigants have a preferred status over others in the use of a public resource, the

  courts, which in theory are available to all but in fact are unequally distributed between

  (C) do some litigants have a preferred status over another in the use of a public resource, the

  courts, in theory available to all but in fact are unequally distributed among

  (D) some litigants have a preferred status to another in the use of a public resource, the courts, in theory available to all but in fact not equally distributed between

  (E) does one litigant have a preferred status over the other in the use of a public resource, the

  courts, in theory available to all but in fact they are not equally distributed among

  8. As litigation grows more complex, the need that experts explain technical issues becomes more

  apparent.

  (A) that experts explain technical issues becomes

  (B) for experts to explain technical issues became

  (C) for experts to explain technical issues becomes

  (D) that technical issues be explained by experts became

  (E) that there be explanations of technical issues by experts has become

  9. Last spring a Colorado health department survey of 72 playgrounds in private child-care centers

  found unsafe conditions in 95 percent of them and they ranged from splinters to equipment near collapse.

  (A) unsafe conditions in 95 percent of them and they ranged

  (B) conditions in 95 percent were unsafe and ranging

  (C) the ranging of unsafe conditions in 95 percent of them to be

  (D) that 95 percent had unsafe conditions ranging

  (E) that 95 percent of them had conditions that were unsafe; the range was

  10.The expected rise in the price of oil could be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have an economy free of inflation.

  (A) be a serious impact to industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility to have

  (B) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have

  (C) seriously impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility of having

  (D) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely impede the possibility to have

  (E) have a serious impact on industrialized nations and severely diminish the possibility of having

  11. Recent excavations suggest that the ancient peoples of the Italian peninsula merged the cult of Damia---a goddess of fertility and the harvest---with Venus.

  (A) with Venus

  (B) and Venus

  (C) with that of Venus

  (D) and Venus‘

  (E) and Venus‘ cult

  12 Since the 1930‘s aircraft manufacturers have tried to build airplanes with frictionless wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly that the air passing over them would not become turbulent.

  (A) wings, shaped so smoothly and perfectly

  (B) wings, wings so smooth and so perfectly shaped

  (C) wings that are shaped so smooth and perfect

  (D) wings, shaped in such a smooth and perfect manner

  (E) wings, wings having been shaped smoothly and perfectly so

  13. Some biographers have not only disputed the common notion that Edgar Allan Poe drank to

  excess but also questioned whether he drank at all.

  (A) have not only disputed the common notion that Edgar Allan Poe drank to excess but also

  questioned whether he drank

  (B) not only have disputed the common notion that Edgar Allan Poe drank to excess but also

  over whether he drank

  (C) have disputed not only the common notion that Edgar Allan Poe drank to excess but also

  whether he may not have drunk

  (D) not only have disputed the common notion that Edgar Allan Poe drank to excess but also

  questioned whether or not he had drunk

  (E) have disputed the common notion not only that Edgar Allan Poe drank to excess but also

  questioned whether he may not have drunk

  14. According to Interstudy, a nonprofit organization that studies health maintenance organizations

  (HMO‘s), they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be.

  (A) they estimate that, in comparison to last year, when only 36 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s was profitable, this year 73 percent will be

  (B) compared to only 36 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s being profitable last year, they estimate 73 percent would be this year

  (C) only 36 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s were profitable last year; it estimates that this year 73 percent will be

  (D) it estimates 73 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s would be profitable this year; last

  year that was only 36 percent

  (E) only 36 percent of the nation‘s 607 HMO‘s last year were profitable, whereas they estimate it this year to be 73 percent

  15. The visiting pharmacologists concluded that the present amalgam of Chinese and Western medicine is probably as good, or better than, any system that might be devised for the patients who are treated at the Nan Kai hospital in Tian-jing.

  (A) as good, or better than, any system that might be devised for the patients who are

  (B) as good, or better, than any system that might be devised for patients being

  (C) as good, or better than, any system that might be devised for patients which are being

  (D) good as, or even better than, any other system that may be devised for the patients who are

  (E) as good as, or better than, any other system that might be devised for the patients

  16. One of four babies are now born to mothers aged thirty years or more, compared with just one of six born in 1975.

  (A) of four babies are now born to mothers aged thirty years or more, compared with just one

  of six born

  (B) of four babies is now born to a mother whose age is thirty of older, compared to just one of six babies who were born

  (C) baby in four are now born to mothers aged thirty or older, compared to just one in six

  (D) baby in four is now born to a mother aged thirty or older, compared with just one in six

  (E) baby in four is now born to mothers aged thirty years or more, compared to just one in six

  17. School desegregation has worked well in Buffalo, New York, in part because parents and teachers were given major roles in designing the city‘s magnet schools, because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique, and because the federal judge enforced desegregation orders.

  (A) because extra federal funds were allocated to make each school unique

  (B) because of the allocation of extra federal funds that make each school unique

  (C) because each school is made unique by allocating it extra federal funds

  (D) extra federal funds were allocated in order to make each school unique

  (E) extra federal funds were allocated for making each school unique

  18. Among the Cossacks, vegetable farming was once so despised that it was forbidden on pain of

  death.

  (A) so despised that it was

  (B) so despised to be

  (C) so despised it had been

  (D) despised enough that it was

  (E) despised enough as to be

  19 Researchers have questioned the use of costly and experimental diagnostic tests to identify food allergies, such as milk, that supposedly disrupt normal behavior.

  (A) to identify food allergies, such as

  (B) to identify food allergies, like

  (C) to identify food allergies, such as to

  (D) for identifying food allergies, like that of

  (E) for identifying food allergies, such as for

  20 Biologists believe that they have found one of the substances that tell individual genes both when to become active and when to remain quiescent in the earliest phases of an embryo‘s development.

  (A) tell individual genes both when to become active and when to remain

  (B) tell individual genes both at which time they should become active or should remain

  (C) tells individual genes both when to become active or remain

  (D) tells individual genes both when to become active or when to remain

  (E) will tell an individual gene both about when it should become active and remain

  21 Unlike the lives of Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, subjects of other Troyat biographies, Chekhov belongs to the twentieth century, an age of fretfulness and melancholy skepticism.

  (A) Unlike the lives of Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, subjects of other Troyat biographies, Chekhov belongs

  (B) Chekhov, unlike the other Troyat biographies of Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, belongs

  (C) The life of Chekhov, unlike the lives of the subjects of other Troyat biographies, Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, belongs

  (D) Chekhov and his life, unlike that of the other Troyat biographies--- Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, belong

  (E) The life of Chekhov, unlike that of other Troyat biographies of Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoi, and Dostoevski, belongs

  22 The capital of Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sarajevo‘s population on the eve of the First World War was 51,919.

  (A) Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sarajevo‘s population

  (B) Bosnia-Herzegovina is Sarajevo, whose population

  (C) Bosnia-Herzegovina is Sarajevo, with a population

  (D) Bosnia-Herzegovina, Sarajevo having a population that

  (E) Bosnia-Herzegovina, the population of Sarajevo

  23 The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips has all but

  eliminated the cost advantage of owning a house in many rural communities.

  (A) The growing demand for housing, traffic congestion, and longer commuting trips has

  (B) Traffic congestion, the growing demand for housing, and longer commuting trips has

  (C) Longer commuting trips, traffic congestion, and the growing demand for housing has

  (D) Traffic congestion, longer commuting trips, and the growing demand for housing have

  (E) The growing demand for housing, as well as traffic congestion and longer commuting trips, have

  24 The investor who is uncertain about the future is more likely to put money into blue-chip stocks or treasury bills than into gold.

  (A) than into

  (B) than they do

  (C) than they are

  (D) as into

  (E) as

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